1 John Lessons


1John 2:19-27 Literalize

Evidence from Walking in the Truth

False Christians may Fall Away

vs 19 They went out from us at some point in time, but they were not of us;
for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us;
but they went out that they might be made revealed, that none of them were of us

vs 20   But you characteristically have an anointing from the Holy One,
and you have perceive all things.
vs21  I have not written to you because you have not perceive the truth,
but because you have perceived it, and that no lie is of the truth.
vs 22  Who is a liar but he who characteristically denies to himself that Jesus is the Christ?
He is the antichrist who characteristically denies to himself the Father and the Son.
vs 23  Whoever characteristically denies to himself the Son does not characteristically have the Father either;
he who characteristically acknowledges the Son characteristically has the Father also.

Dwelling in the Word of God

vs 24  Therefore let that dwell characteristically in you which you had heard from the beginning.
If what you had heard from the beginning dwells at some point in time in you,
you also will dwell in the Son and in the Father.
vs 25  And this is the promise that He had promised us——eternal life.
vs 26  These things I have written to you concerning those who characteristically try to deceive you.
vs 27  But the anointing which you have received at a point in time from Him dwells continuously in you,
and you don't characteristically need that anyone be teaching you;
but as the same anointing characteristically teaches you concerning all things,
and is true, and is not a lie, and just as it had taught you,
you will dwell in Him. (variant - so be abiding in Him)



The Perseverance of the Saints

1John 2:19 They went out from us at some point in time, but they were not of us;
for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us;
but they went out that they might be made revealed, that none of them were of us

This is another characteristic distinguishing children of God from children of the devil. Who is John referring to as "They"? From verse 18 John is writing of antichrists. And according to verse 22,23 antichrists deny Jesus Christ the Son of God. So these people left the Christians community in the sense that they became apostates, denying the most fundamental aspect of the Christian faith - namely that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God.

Fundamental Principle:
The Perseverance of the Saints

if they had belonged to us,
they would have remained with us
Once a person is a genuine Christian, they will inevitably continue to remain so.The phrase "would have remained" is in the rare Greek Pluperfect of which the Lexicon notes:
The pluperfect tense in Greek occurs rarely.  It corresponds in a single Greek word to the sense of the English pluperfect, which indicates an event viewed as having been once and for all accomplished in past time.

This is not simply saying "Once saved, Always saved", though that can be logically inferred. This is saying, "Once saved, it is inevitable that such a person will remain in the faith identifying with the Christian community". (And as such, once saved, always saved, seeing as the saved never depart from the faith)

How did John know that "they did not really belong to us."? Because they left the Christian community. Thus if a person departs from the faith, such is indicative that they had never really been of the faith to begin with.

Again I note that while some claim that this distinction should only be restricted to identify whether oneself has or has not been born of God, in fact we see that John is teaching here that we can (and should) apply this principle to others.



You Have an Anointing

1John 2:
vs 20   But you characteristically have an anointing from the Holy One,
and you have perceive all things.

vs21  I have not written to you because you have not perceive the truth,
but because you have perceived it, and that no lie is of the truth.

Everyone born of God has been anointed with the Holy Spirit. In fact "if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ." Rom 8:9 That's why John can make such a general statement. John elaborates upon this in verse 27. One work of the Holy Spirit is guidance into the truth. Jesus said, "When he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth." John 16:13

What John seems to be saying here is that those who having the Holy Spirit already have perceived the kinds of things he's been teaching here. John's teachings here are therefore more of an affirmation of what genuine believers already perceive to be true, rather than new ideas they hadn't been exposed to. 

Consequently if these principles John is advocating do not resonate with alleged believers, it may be that their allegation of faith in Christ is in vain. Note also here that truth is the priority. Today many Christians have been marginalized by post-modernistic thinking in which truth is secondary to one's subjective opinion. Among such groups, getting along despite differences takes precedence over truth when push becomes shove.



Denying the Son

vs 22  Who is a liar but he who characteristically denies to himself that Jesus is the Christ?
He is the antichrist who characteristically denies to himself the Father and the Son.

vs 23  Whoever characteristically denies to himself the Son
does not characteristically have the Father either;
he who characteristically acknowledges the Son
characteristically has the Father also.

Likewise Jesus said,  "He who hates me hates my Father as well." John 15:23 and, "When a man believes in me, he does not believe in me only, but in the one who sent me.  When he looks at me, he sees the one who sent me." John 12:44,45 This is yet another another characteristic distinguishing the children of God from the children of the devil. There are many people of various religions such as Islam and modern Judaism who claim allegience to God, but in fact by their denial of the Son of God they show themselves to be self-deceived. And granted that the Koran acknowledges Jesus as the Messiah, but it also explicitly denies Him being the Son of God. In these verses the two are equated.

"Denies" here is in the middle voice indicating self deception.  The verbs are not talking about uncharacteristic events. Under duress it may be that a genuine believer denies Christ uncharacteristically at some point in time. John is not referring to that here. Rather here he's restricting his comments to those who characteristically deny or acknowledge the Son.



Remaining in the Son

vs 24  Therefore let that dwell characteristically in you which you had heard from the beginning.
If what you had heard from the beginning dwells at some point in time in you,
you also will dwell in the Son and in the Father.

vs 25  And this is the promise that He had promised us——eternal life.

I think John is contrasting these verses with those concerning antichrists who reveal themselves by leaving the faith. In particular what John is referring to as "what you heard from the beginning" is the fact that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God.

In his second letter John writes a parallel passage concerning these same ideas saying, "Many deceivers, who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, have gone out into the world. Any such person is the deceiver and the antichrist. Watch out that you do not lose what you have worked for, but that you may be rewarded fully. Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has both the Father and the Son." 2John 1:7-9

The promise of eternal life is only to those who remain in the faith, and in particular in the truths of the faith revealed in the Word of God. Thus Jesus said, "If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples." John 8:31 Else we are not really disciples of Christ. He warns, "If anyone does not remain in me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned." John 15:6

Interesting that the "dwells" in the protasis of verse 24 is aorist referring to an event. For since once saved, always saved, once that event has occurred, the outcome is inevitable. But why the command if the outcome is inevitable? If the Word characteristically dwell in one is simply descriptive of those born of God, then why the need to command it? This is much the same question regarding this same word "meno" (dwell or abide) as comes up in John 15.

This is again along the lines of the perseverance of the saints. One should not be confident they are saved if they don't continue in the faith. Which is the same as he said in verse 19. It's about salvation. Notice these two verses:

"Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me." John 15:4

"If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned." John 15:6

Notice the first is a command. The second shows that failure to comply to such command results in damnation. Thus it's about salvation. Again this is not salvation by works, but rather those born of God naturally comply to commands, a principle John also teaches in 1John. (1John 2:3)

"Meno" is used abundantly throughout 1John. And the usage is consistent with the principle that everyone born of God actually does abide in Him. Note, for example, 1John 3:6 "Whoever characteristically dwells in Him characteristically does not sin. Whoever characteristically sins has neither seen Him nor known Him." Thus those who characteristically sin don't abide in Him, and thus had never known Him to begin with.



Listening to the Spirit

vs 26  These things I have written to you concerning those who characteristically try to deceive you.
vs 27  But the anointing which you have received at a point in time from Him dwells continuously in you,
and you don't characteristically need that anyone be teaching you;
but as the same anointing characteristically teaches you concerning all things,
and is true, and is not a lie, and just as it had taught you,
you will dwell in Him. (variant - so be abiding in Him)

Jesus said, "When he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth." John 16:13 and furthermore promised, "The Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you." John 14:26 Thus when those born of God hear the truth, the Spirit confirms it in our conscience. We embrace truth as a sheep listens to the voice of its shepherd, as Jesus said, "My sheep listen to my voice." John 10:27

So I have confidence that those who are of a like Spirit will listen and understand, and cease listening to those who would lead you astray concerning these matters.

And what is the deception? Antinominanism. Namely the general deception is passing off of false Christians as if they were genuine Christians. Note for example:
1John 3:7,8a Little children, let no one be deceiving you. He who characteristically does righteousness is righteous, just as He is righteous.He who characteristically sins is of the devil.

Eph 5:5,6a For this you know, that no fornicator, unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God. Let no one deceive you with empty words
1Cor 6:9,10 Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor homosexual offenders nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.
This past century, the 20th century, I would characterize as the century in which Antinomian theology has prevailed among the Christian community.


Additional Notes

ANALYSIS OF 1JOHN 2:19

This is a very strong verse for the doctrine of "eternal security" (the idea of once saved, always saved). The key phrase is "if they were being from among us" (once saved), "they would have remained with us" (always saved). The word "remain" is that common greek word "meno" (see word study on meno - also Jn 15:5) Used 18 times in 1Jn alone. The verb "remained" is in the very rare pluperfect tense which indicates an event viewed as having been once and for all accomplished in past time!

Kenneth Wuest on 1John 2:19


WORD STUDY of MENO in 1 JOHN

("meno" translated: abide, dwell, live in, continue, remain) Definition: To dwell in a state. In contrast to living in a place, such as a hotel on one's travels, "meno" is more the idea of dwelling at one's home, where one has set up residence. It is upon this basis that it is often translated "continue", or "remain".

With so many different translations, it becomes impossible to study the english and recognize and correlate the verses where "meno" shows up. The following are where it shows up in 1Jn where I've consistently translated it "dwell".

VERSE PARAPHRASE
2:6 if Walking as Christ then dwells in Christ
2:10 if you love Christians then you dwell in the light
2:17 if you do God's will then you will dwell forever
2:19 if you are really a Christian then you will always dwell as a Christian
2:24 if The word dwells in you then you dwell in the Son and Father
2:27 The anointing dwells in you -> to instruct
2:28 if you dwell in him then you will not be ashamed when he comes
3:6 if you dwell in him then doesn't live a lifestyle of sin
3:9 if God's seed dwells in him (= born of God) then does not sin because cannot sin
3:14 if not love Christians then you dwell in death
3:15 if hate other Christians then eternal life doesn't dwell in you
3:17 if not meet basic needs of Christians then God's love doesn't dwell in you
3:24 if you keep his commandments then you dwell in him
3:24 we know he dwells in us by his Spirit
4:12 if we love on another then God dwells in us
4:13 we know that we dwell in him and he in us by his Spirit
4:15 if we profess that Jesus in the Son of God then God dwells in him and he in God
4:15 if we dwell in love then we dwell in God and God in him.


PERSONAL ANALYSIS OF MENO IN 1 JOHN

OBSERVATION:

There is a correlation between the meno's. For example: Many such correlations can be made. Which leads us to the following conclusion:

CONCLUSION #1:

If you meet any of the following conditions: Then all of the following will be true for you: How else can you know you dwell in him? By the Spirit of God

These also imply the following:

CONCLUSION #2:

"Dwelling in Christ" cannot be interpreted as a sort of analog quality of eternal life, whereby one can increase or decrease the amount of dwelling he's doing, or the idea that one person may be dwelling better than another person. Rather "Dwelling in Christ" is the distinct fact of having or not having eternal life.


The Berean Christian Bible Study Resources

Jul 29,2015