Leviticus 24:17 "And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death."
Exodus 32:27 "Thus sayeth the Lord God of Israel, Put every man his sword
by his side, . . . and slay every man his brother, . . . companion, . .
I Samuel 6:19 " . . . and the people lamented because the Lord had smitten
many of the people with a great slaughter."
I Samuel 15:2,3,7,8 "Thus saith the Lord . . . Now go and smite Amalek,
and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both
man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. . . .
And Saul smote the Amalekites . . . and utterly destroyed all the people
with the edge of the sword."
Numbers 15:36 "And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and
stoned him with stones, and he died; as the Lord commanded Moses."
Hosea 13:16 "they shall fall by the sword: their infants shall be dashed
in pieces, and their women with children shall be ripped up."
The Bible makes the same distinction as we do
in the society between murder, capital punishment, and other forms of killing.
The first set is referring to murder. The second set is referring to capital
Should we tell lies?
Exodus 20:16 "Thou shalt not bear false witness."
Proverbs 12:22 "Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord."
I Kings 22:23 "The Lord hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these
thy prophets, and the Lord hath spoken evil concerning thee."
II Thessalonians 2:11 "And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion,
that they should believe a lie."
Also, compare Joshua 2:4-6 with James 2:25.
God doesn't lie. Nor does he want us to lie. But
he has allowed Satan to decieve the unbelievers. But it's their own fault
that they are decieved. If they followed the Lord they wouldn't be deceived.
The second set of cases deal with those who have decided to harden their
hearts against the Lord. Romans chapter 1 elaborates on this process. For
example it speaks of "God gave them over in the sinful desires"
of their own choice. And "Because of this, God gave them over to shameful
lusts." speaking of homosexuality. And "Furthermore, since they
did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, he gave them
over to a depraved mind, to do what ought not to be done." But notice
in these cases God's action is like that of a dam holding back the flood.
If we keep rebelling, then he lets the dam go and let's us experience the
consequences of our sinfulness. The situation described in 1Kings 22 is
similar to that of Job and no doubt represents a similiar situation in
2Thess 2. God allows Satan to propagate lies. Those who follow the Lord
are not deceived. But those who reject the Lord are subject to deception
because they have corrupted their spirit which affects their conscience
and intuition such that they cannot discern the truth. But God himself
never lied. However, as in the case of Rahab, God's people are imperfect
and at times will try to carry out God's will in an inappropriate manner.
Rahab should not have lied, but then again she was probably unfamiliar
with the 10 commandments.
Should we steal?
Exodus 20:15 "Thou shalt not steal."
Leviticus 19:13 "Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither rob him."
Exodus 3:22 "And ye shall spoil the Egyptians."
Exodus 12:35-36 "And they spoiled [plundered, NRSV] the Egyptians."
Luke 19:29-34 "[Jesus] sent two of his disciples, Saying, Go ye into the
village . . . ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose
him, and bring him hither. And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him?
thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him. . . . And
as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose
ye the colt? And they said, The Lord hath need of him."
Exodus 12:35,36 "The Israelites did as Moses instructed
and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for
clothing. The LORD had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward
the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered
the Egyptians." I don't think that's considered
As for the situation with the Lord, the Lord
owns everything, including me and you. The question should really be have
you asked the Lord's permission to do the things you are doing.
Shall we keep the sabbath?
Exodus 20:8 "Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy."
Exodus 31:15 "Whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely
be put to death."
Numbers 15:32,36 "And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness,
they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. . . . And all
the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones,
and he died; as the Lord commanded Moses."
Isaiah 1:13 "The new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot
away with; it is iniquity."
John 5:16 "And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus and sought to slay
him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day."
Colossians 2:16 "Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or
in respect of an holy-day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days."
That's just a dispensational difference between
the old and new covenants. Though Christians infer applications from the
Law, the commands given to the Jews under the Mosaic Law were specific
to them. Paul's writings in Romans and Galatians clarify some of these
distinctions. The Old Testament is like a shadow of the New. And there
are differences between shadows and reality. But such differences are not
Shall we make graven images?
Exodus 20:4 "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness
of anything that is in heaven . . . earth . . . water."
Leviticus 26:1 "Ye shall make ye no idols nor graven image, neither rear
you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone."
Deuteronomy 27:15 "Cursed be the man that maketh any graven or molten image."
Exodus 25:18 "And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work
shalt thou make them."
I Kings 7:15,16,23,25 "For he [Solomon] cast two pillars of brass . . .
and two chapiters of molten brass . . . And he made a molten sea . . .
it stood upon twelve oxen . . . [and so on]"
The spirit of the Law is not to make graven images
for the purpose of worshipping them. A statue or picture is not the same
as an idol. A good example of this distinction is in Numbers 21 when God
told Moses to make a bronze serpent on a rod (which today is even
a medical symbol on the back of ambulances). Jesus alluded to that
event when he talked with a Jewish teacher in John 3. The people of Israel
were complaining against God so God sent venemous snakes to kill them.
But they repented and so God had Moses erect the bronze snake. He promise
that whoever had been bitten and looked upon the bronze snake would live.
Jesus used that as an allegory for his death on the cross, which would
become the object of faith for eternal salvation. But then we read in 2Kings
18:4 that many years later the people of Israel began to worship the bronze
snake and so the king appropriately had it destroyed. So also with religious
symbols. They should be removed if they become objects of faith.
Are we saved through works?
Ephesians 2:8,9 "For by grace are ye saved through faith . . . not of works."
Romans 3:20,28 "Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh
be justified in his sight."
Galatians 2:16 "Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the
law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ."
James 2:24 "Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by
Matthew 19:16-21 "And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master,
what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he [Jesus]
said unto him . . . keep the commandments. . . . The young man saith unto
him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? Jesus
said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and
give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven."
The common defense here is that "we are saved by faith and works." But
Paul said "not of works."
The correct formula is that we are saved
by a faith that works. It is an application oriented faith which saves.
But a faith in works does not save. Paul was objecting to the legalism
of those who put faith in works. And while James was objecting to those who have
a non-application oriented faith, he went too far in making works a condition for justification. (See James Intro) These are not contradictory. They are
dealing with different aspects of saving faith.
However in the Matthew 19 passage Jesus is
not speaking of salvation through faith. He's dealing with a person who
lacks conviction of sin. For such people he challenges them with a righteousness
which is of the Law. (If you don't do anything wrong, then God certainly
can't condemn you). That is another way to obtain righteousness. Paul speaks
of that righteous in the first three chapters of Romans, but concludes:
"Now we know that whatever the
law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may
be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. Therefore
no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather,
through the law we become conscious of sin. But now a righteousness
from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the
Prophets testify. This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus
Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, for all have sinned
and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his
grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus." Rom 3:19-24
The problem with the righteousness which is of
the Law is that it is unattainable. But this is not to say that it has
no use. For Paul uses it in Romans 2 and 3 and Jesus uses it in Matthew
19 for the same purpose - to bring conviction of sin which can lead one
to the righteousness which is of faith.
Should good works be seen?
Matthew 5:16 "Let your light so shine before men that they may see your
I Peter 2:12 "Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that
. . . they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God
in the day of visitation."
Matthew 6:1-4 "Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen
of them . . . that thine alms may be in secret."
Matthew 23:3,5 "Do not ye after their [Pharisees'] works. . . . all their
works they do for to be seen of men."
Just as with the idolatry issues mentioned previously,
the issue here is one of motivation. We should not parade around our good
works so as to vainly get glory for ourselves. And because of the innate
sinful nature it's best to keep a lid on it. However what the first passages
are referring to is that our lifestyle should be so filled with good works
that it is inevitable they will be revealed to others. The emphasis is
on glorifying God. 1st Peter speaks of the return of Christ. For even if
our works are not revealed now, they will be revealed in the future on
Should we own slaves?
Leviticus 25:45-46 "Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn
among you, of them shall ye buy, . . . and they shall be your possession
. . . they shall be your bondmen forever."
Genesis 9:25 "And he [Noah] said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants
shall he be unto his brethren."
Exodus 21:2,7 "If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve:
and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. . . . And if a man
sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the manservants
Joel 3:8 "And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of
the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people
far off: for the Lord hath spoken it."
Luke 12:47,48 [Jesus speaking] "And that servant, which knew his lord's
will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall
be beaten with many stripes. But he that knew not, and did commit things
worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes."
Colossians 3:22 "Servants, obey in all things your masters."
Isaiah 58:6 "Undo the heavy burdens . . . let the oppressed go free, .
. . break every yoke."
Matthew 23:10 "Neither be ye called Masters: for one is your Master, even
(Pro-slavery bible verses were cited by many churches in the South during
the Civil War, and were used by some theologians in the Dutch Reformed
Church to justify apartheid in South Africa. There are more pro-slavery
verses than cited here.)
But there are many different kinds of slaves.
For example Paul writes, "Don't you know that when you offer yourselves
to someone to obey him as slaves, you are slaves to the one whom you obey--
whether you are slaves to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which
leads to righteousness? But thanks be to God that, though you used to be
slaves to sin, you wholeheartedly obeyed the form of teaching to which
you were entrusted. You have been set free from sin and have become slaves
to righteousness." Rom 6:16-18 And Jesus says, "I tell you the truth,
everyone who sins is a slave to sin." John 8:34 So everyone's a slave
to something. But in another sense today you could even call employees
slaves. It's just a matter of the degree of personal rights and freedoms.
For example I recently heard from a guy that feels like he's a slave simply
because he's not allowed to run around naked in the streets! The Bible
speaks of servants. A servant is a person who serves. For example those
in the military serve their country, and thus they are servants. In Matt
23 Jesus is speaking by way of hyperbole is referring to the Par Excellence
figure of speech. He also says "and do not call anyone on
earth 'father'"but there are plenty of places where Jesus makes reference
to earthly fathers. What he is objecting to is, for example, the catholic
practice of calling priests "father" or the like in an absolute sense.
And though earthly authorities can carry a title, yet it must also be acknowledged
that they are all under God. As for a Christian perspective on slavery
I would recommend the book of Philemon in which Paul advises a Christian
runaway slave to return to his Christian master. But he also writes
the Christian master to reckon the slave as a son and not a slave. And
he also writes in 1Cor 7 "Were you a slave when you were called?
Don't let it trouble you-- although if you can gain your freedom, do so.For
he who was a slave when he was called by the Lord is the Lord's freedman;
similarly, he who was a free man when he was called is Christ's slave.
You were bought at a price; do not become slaves of men."
Does God change his mind?
Malachi 3:6 "For I am the Lord; I change not."
Numbers 23:19 "God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of
man, that he should repent."
Ezekiel 24:14 "I the Lord have spoken it: it shall come to pass, and I
will do it; I will not go back, neither will I spare, neither will I repent."
Exodus 32:14 "And the Lord repented of the evil which he thought to do
unto his people."
Genesis 6:6,7 "And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth
. . . And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the
face of the earth . . . for it repenteth me that I have made him."
Jonah 3:10 ". . . and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he
would do unto them; and he did it not."
See also II Kings 20:1-7, Numbers 16:20-35, Numbers 16:44-50.
See Genesis 18:23-33, where Abraham gets God to change his mind about
the minimum number of righteous people in Sodom required to avoid destruction,
bargaining down from fifty to ten. (An omniscient God must have known that
he was playing with Abraham's hopes for mercy--he destroyed the city anyway.)
In respect to his essence, his attributes,
his moral character, and his inflexible determination to punish sin and
reward virtue, God is without variableness or shadow of turning. Many of
his judgement are conditional so as to be consistent with these unchangeable
attributes of God. When he told Jonah to declare judgement against
Ninevah, even the Ninevites realize this and repented and were saved. For
it is inherent in his character to forgive the contrite of heart. Thus
for example when you read his judgments these are to be understood in the
sense "if you continue on this this way - then such and such will happen".
This is somewhat clarified in Jeremiah 18:7-10 "If at any time I announce
that a nation or kingdom is to be uprooted, torn down and destroyed, and
if that nation I warned repents of its evil, then I will relent and not
inflict on it the disaster I had planned. And if at another time I announce
that a nation or kingdom is to be built up and planted, and if it
does evil in my sight and does not obey me, then I will reconsider the
good I had intended to do for it."
As for his discussion with Abraham, he was
simply allowing Abraham to interceed, as Moses had on Israel's behalf.
And this is another unchanging principle of God. He listens to the intercessory
prayers of the godly.
we punished for our parents' sins?
Exodus 20:5 "For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity
of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation."
(Repeated in Deuteronomy 5:9)
Exodus 34:6-7 " . . . The Lord God, merciful and gracious, . . . that will
by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon
the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the
I Corinthians 15:22 "For as in Adam all die, . . ."
Ezekiel 18:20 "The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father."
Deuteronomy 24:16 "The fathers shall not be put to death for the children,
neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall
be put to death for his own sin."
What is implied in the first set is that the statement
is conditioned upon children behaving as their parents, which is quite
common. Exodus 20:6 says, "but showing love to a thousand generations of
those who love me and keep my commandments." Thus he is clearly contrasting
individual behavior. As for Adam, all die in Adam when they follow his
example by sinning. Thus the responsibility is reckoned individually but
can be described corporally.
Is God good or evil?
Psalm 145:9 "The Lord is good to all."
Deuteronomy 32:4 "a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is
Isaiah 45:7 "I make peace and create evil. I the Lord do all these things."
See "Out of Context" for more on Isaiah 45:7.
Lamentations 3:38 "Out of the mouth of the most High proceedeth not evil
Jeremiah 18:11 "Thus saith the Lord; Behold, I frame evil against you,
and devise a device against you."
Ezekiel 20:25,26 "I gave them also statutes that were not good, and judgments
whereby they should not live. And I polluted them in their own gifts, in
that they caused to pass through the fire all that openeth the womb, that
I might make them desolate, to the end that they might know that I am the
These are simply using different connotations
of the same word. Here are a few connotations of "evil" from the dictionary
1. Morally bad or wrong; wicked: an
evil tyrant. 2. Causing ruin, injury, or pain; harmful:
the evil effects of a poor diet. 3. Characterized by or indicating future misfortune;
ominous: evil omens.
A given context may be referring to one of these
connotations while not referring to another. Thus the Lord does not create
morally bad things, but he does create misfortune, ruin and pain at times.
Does God tempt people?
James 1:13 "Let no man say . . . I am tempted of God: for God cannot be
tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man."
Genesis 22:1 "And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt
Again these are different connotations of the
same word. In old English the word "tempt" often means simply to test.
Gen 22:1 in modern English is "Some time later God tested Abraham."
(NIV) Today we tend to distinguish between "tempt" and "test" (or "prove").
These are different concepts.
Is God peaceable?
Romans 15:33 "The God of peace."
Isaiah 2:4 ". . . and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and
their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against
nation, neither shall they learn war any more."
Exodus 15:3 "The Lord is a man of war."
Joel 3:9-10 "Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war
draw near; let them come up: Beat your plowshares into swords, and your
pruninghooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong."
There is peace inside of God's kingdom. And he
desires his enemies to be reconciled with him. But if they won't, then
they are subject to his judgment. The Joel passage is referring to the
judgement day. Notice verse 12 "Let the nations be roused; let them
advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all
the nations on every side." But Isaiah is referring to the Millenial
Kingdom. (And believing that there is both a Heaven and a Hell is no contradiction)
Was Jesus peaceable?
John 14:27 "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you."
Acts 10:36 "The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching
peace by Jesus Christ."
Luke 2:14 " . . . on earth peace, good will toward men."
Matthew 10:34 "Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came
not to send peace, but a sword. For I am come to set a man at variance
against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter
in law against her mother in law. And a man's foes shall be they of his
Luke 22:36 "Then said he unto them, . . . he that hath no sword, let him
sell his garment, and buy one."
Jesus brought peace between God and those who
put their faith in him. But this also resulted in such believers being
persecuted by the unbelievers. Even Jesus himself was put to death. Thus
he brought both war and peace.
Was Jesus trustworthy?
John 8:14 "Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true."
John 5:31 "If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true."
"Record" and "witness" in the above verses are the same Greek word (martyria).
In John 5 he is simply stating the law that
you are not supposed to rely in a legal sense on the witness of one person
alone And he goes on to speak of other witnesses for him. But in John 8
he is saying that his testimony alone is valid, not in a human legal sense,
but in an absolute sense. For example, if you conclude that Jesus is in
fact the Son of God, then you need not question his teachings, since they
have such an authoritative basis.
Shall we call people names?
Matthew 5:22 "Whosoever shall say Thou fool, shall be in danger of hellfire."
Matthew 23:17 "Ye fools and blind." [Jesus speaking]
Psalm 14:1 "The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God."
The term used in Matt 5:22 is "moros" and is much
more severe than the corresponding terms in the other places. While reckoning
fools as fools, we are forbidden to do so in the spirit of malevolent contempt.
Has anyone seen God?
John 1:18 "No man hath seen God at any time."
Exodus 33:20 "Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me,
John 6:46 "Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God
[Jesus], he hath seen the Father."
I John 4:12 "No man hath seen God at any time."
Genesis 32:30 "For I have seen God face to face."
Exodus 33:11 "And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh
unto his friend."
Isaiah 6:1 "In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting
upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple."
Job 42:5 "I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine
eye seeth thee."
The Old Testament verses are simply using figures
of speech. "Face to face" there is simply referring to friendship
as Exodus 33:11 indicates. The Isaiah passage is referring to a vision,
not seeing God literally. And Job also didn't literally see God but was
confronted by God directly.
How many Gods are there?
Deuteronomy 6:4 "The Lord our God is one Lord."
Genesis 1:26 "And God said, Let us make man in our image."
Genesis 3:22 "And the Lord God said, Behold, the man has become as one
of us, to know good and evil."
I John 5:7 "And there are three that bear witness in heaven, the Father,
the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one."
Romans 3:23 "For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God."
Romans 3:10 "As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one."
Psalm 14:3 "There is none that doeth good, no, not one."
Job 1:1 "There was a man . . . who name was Job; and that man was perfect
Genesis 7:1 "And the Lord said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into
the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation."
Luke 1:6 "And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments
and ordinances of the Lord blameless."
The first are speaking in an absolute sense. The
second are speaking in a sense relative to the society.
How old was Ahaziah?
II Kings 8:26 "Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign."
II Chronicles 22:2 "Forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to
The simplest explanation was made by Genenius
who pointed out that it may be a simply transliteration error in 2Chron.
For the Hebrew letter for 20 and 40 are quite similar.
Should we swear an oath?
Numbers 30:2 "If a man vow a vow unto the Lord, or swear an oath . . .
he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth."
Genesis 21:22-24,31 " . . . swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not
deal falsely with me . . . And Abraham said, I will swear. . . . Wherefore
he called that place Beersheba ["well of the oath"]; because there they
sware both of them."
Hebrews 6:13-17 "For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could
swear by no greater, he sware by himself . . . for men verily swear by
the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.
Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise
the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath."
See also Genesis 22:15-19, Genesis 31:53, and Judges 11:30-39.
Matthew 5:34-37 "But I say unto you, swear not at all; neither by heaven
. . . nor by the earth . . . . Neither shalt thou swear by thy head . .
. . But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is
more than these cometh of evil."
James 5:12 ". . . swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither
by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye
fall into condemnation."
In the first set a number of those verses have
to do simply with swearing unto the Lord. The issue the second set deals
with is the issue of swearing by something. It is vain to swear by something
you have no control over. The only legitimate application would be to swear
by our own integrity. But that is already implied when we swear an oath.
God swears by Himself because he has control over Himself. But to swear
on our mother's grave or such is simply vain. It's doesn't mean anything,
and such a person would be falsely implying that they have control over
such things, which is where the sin comes into play.
When was Jesus crucified?
Mark 15:25 "And it was the third hour, and they crucified him."
John 19:14-15 "And about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold
your King! But they cried out . . . crucify him."
There are a couple of leading explanations of
this case. 1. That that the two evangelists give the
extreme limits of time, - Mark referring to the beginning of the preparations,
and John pointing to the completion of the dreadful tragedy. The words
of the former, "It was the third hour," may denote indefinitely that the
third hour was past; while the phraseology in John "about the sixth hour",
may meaning simply that it was approaching the sixth hour. 2. John, writing in Asia Minor, may have used
the Roman official mode of computation, reckoning from midnight, so that
the "sixth hour" would be 6 A.M. to 9 AM (the "third hour," according to
Jewish reckoning) was occupied by the preliminaries, and by the passage
of the procession forth to Golgotha.
Shall we obey the law?
I Peter 2:13 "Submit yourself to every ordinance of man . . . to the king,
as supreme; Or unto governors."
Matthew 22:21 "Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's."
See also Romans 13:1,7 and Titus 3:1.
Acts 5:29 "We ought to obey God rather then men."
Both of these are consistent with the idea of
obeying legitimate human authority to the degree that are acting within
their legitimate God-given realm of authority
How many animals on the ark?
Genesis 6:19 "And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort
shalt thou bring into the ark."
Genesis 7:8-9 "Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of
fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon the earth, There went in two
and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded
Genesis 7:15 "And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all
flesh, wherein is the breath of life."
Genesis 7:2 "Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the
male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male
and his female."
Gen 6:19 was the general command given 120 years
before building the ark. The Gen 7:8+ is more specific. Concerning the
clean animals Noah was commanded to take 7 pairs. They entered the ark
in pairs - male and female.
Were women and men created
Genesis 1:27 "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God
created he him; male and female created he them."
Genesis 2:18,23 "And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should
be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. . . . And Adam said, This
is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman,
because she was taken out of Man."
I assume by "equal" you mean "in the same manner".
Genesis 1:27 just records the fact of creation without reference to how
He went about it. But more relevant to this general question is 1Cor 11:7-9"A
man ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God;
but the woman is the glory of man. For man did not come from woman, but
woman from man; neither was man created for woman, but woman for
man." The difference of equality here is one of role but not of substance
or value. But such "inequalities" are true of many other role relationships
such as between parents and children, government and citizen, employer
and employee, etc.
Were trees created before
Genesis 1:12-31 "And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed
after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself,
after his kind: . . . And the evening and the morning were the third day.
. . . And God said, Let us make man in our image . . . And the evening
and the morning were the sixth day."
Genesis 2:5-9 "And every plant of the field before it was in the earth,
and every herb of the field before it grew: for the Lord God had not caused
it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.
. . And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground .
. . And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put
the man whom he had formed. And out of the ground made the Lord God to
grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food."
Genesis 2:5 is referring to the garden of Eden
in particular. The word "earth" simply means "land", which also resolves
alot of other paradoxical issues in Genesis. (See Genesis
Did Michal have children?
II Samuel 6:23 "Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto
the day of her death."
II Samuel 21:8 "But the king took the two sons of Rizpah . . . and the
five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul."
The King James of 2Sam 6:23 has a transliteration
error. Saul had two daughters, Michal and Merab, which names are quite
similar in Hebrew. The modern translations read correctly saying:
the king took Armoni and Mephibosheth, the two sons of Aiah's daughter
Rizpah, whom she had borne to Saul, together with the five sons of Saul's
daughter Merab, whom she had borne to Adriel son of Barzillai
the Meholathite." IISamuel 21:8(NIV) Thus it was referring
to Merab, the older daughter, and not Michal, the younger. Notice the her
husband was "Adriel" not David. It was Merab who was married to Adriel.
"So when the time came for Merab, Saul's daughter, to be given to David,
she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah." 1Sa 18:19 (Even
the King James says that) Michal was married to David.
How many stalls did Solomon
I Kings 4:26 "And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots,
and twelve thousand horsemen."
II Chronicles 9:25 "And Solomon had four thousand stalls for horses and
chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen."
Just a transliteration error as the two words
look quite similar in Hebrew. And there are a number of these kinds of
errors because of the subtleties of the written Hebrew.
Did Paul's men hear a voice?
Acts 9:7 "And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing
a voice, but seeing no man."
Acts 22:9 "And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid;
but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me."
They heard something but they could make out what
it was. Similarly in John 12:28,29 "Then a voice came from heaven, "I
have glorified it, and will glorify it again." The crowd that was there
and heard it said it had thundered; others said an angel had spoken to
Is God omnipotent?
Jeremiah 32:27 "Behold, I am the Lord, the God of all flesh: is there anything
too hard for me?
Matthew 19:26 "But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this
is impossible; but with God all things are possible."
Judges 1:19 "And the Lord was with Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants
of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley,
because they had chariots of iron."
The "he" in Judges 1:19 is not referring to the
Lord but to Joshua. The Lord allowed him limited success. The Lord says
in Exodus "I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest
the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee."
Does God live in light?
I Timothy 6:15-16 " . . . the King of kings, and Lord of lords; Who only
hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach . . ."
James 1:17 " . . . the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness,
neither shadow of turning."
John 12:35 "Then Jesus saith unto them, . . . he that walketh in darkness
knoweth not wither he goeth."
Job 18:18 "He [the wicked] shall be driven from light into darkness, and
chased out of the world."
Daniel 2:22 "He [God] knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth
with him." See also Psalm 143:3, II Corinthians 6:14, and Hebrews 12:18-22.
I Kings 8:12 "Then spake Solomon, The Lord said that he would dwell in
the thick darkness." (Repeated in II Chronicles 6:1)
II Samuel 22:12 "And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters,
and thick clouds of the skies."
Psalm 18:11 "He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about
him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies."
Psalm 97:1-2 "The Lord reigneth; let the earth rejoice . . . clouds and
darkness are round about him."
The first set is referring to God being the source
of truth. The second set is referring to God's secretive nature in that
much of God's truth is hidden. But much is revealed in the New Testament
through Jesus Christ. 1Cor 2:7 "We speak of God's secret wisdom, a wisdom
that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began."
11:33 "Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God!
How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out!"
Does God accept human sacrifice?
Deuteronomy 12:31 "Thou shalt not do so unto the Lord thy God: for every
abomination to the Lord, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods;
for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to
Genesis 22:2 "And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom
thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there
for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of."
Exodus 22:29 "For thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits,
and of thy liquors; the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me."
Judges 11:30-39 "And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the Lord, and said, If thou
shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hand, Then it
shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet
me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be
the Lord's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering. So Jephthah passed
over unto the children of Ammon . . . and the Lord delivered them into
his hands. . . . And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold,
his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: . . .
And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her
father, who did with her according to his vow which he had vowed."
II Samuel 21:8-14 "But the king [David] took the two sons of Rizpah . .
. and the five sons of Michal . . . and he delivered them into the hands
of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the Lord: and
they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest
. . . And after that God was intreated for the land."
Hebrews 10:10-12 " . . . we are sanctified through the offering of the
body of Jesus Christ . . . But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice
for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God."
I Corinthians 5:7 " . . . For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for
Genesis 22:2 Isaac was not sacrificed. God was
simply testing the limits of Abraham's obedience. God did not seek the
slaying of Isaac in facto, but only the implicit surrender of the
lad in mind and heart. Exodus 22:29 is not referring to human sacrifice
but to dedication. Judges 11:30-39 Jephthah made a stupid sinful
vow and was wrong. Some however view the vow simply to referring to his
daughter's virginity and not to her physical life. "After the two months,
she returned to her father and he did to her as he had vowed. And she was
a virgin. From this comes the Israelite custom" Judges 11:39 2Sam 21 is referring not to sacrifice but
to capital punishment. Heb 10 and 1Cor is very significantly referring
to the death of our Lord as the atoning sacrifice for our sins. But this
does not apply to the Genesis passage for the ones killing the Lord were
not doing so out of a sense of human sacrifice to God but were simply applying
capital punishment in an unjust manner. And the sacrifice God made of his
son may be likened more to sending one's son on a suicide mission to save
others, which is quite different than God himself killing his son directly.
Notice in Acts 7:52 that the one's crucifying Christ were reckoned not
priests carrying out a legitimate sacrifice, but murderers. Thus though
God foreknew what would happen, he did not control these murderers in puppetlike
fashion to force them to crucify his Son. In view of who he was, the value
of Christ's selfless act was enough to pay the penalty of all human sin.
But such is not the case for anyone else. The Old Testament animal sacrifices
were allegorical of Christ's atoning work on the cross. But in fulfilling
the allegory, Christ was not literally sacrificed in the same sense. The
book of Hebrews elaborates on the allegorical connection between the two
but views Christ as both the high priest doing the sacrifice and the sacrifice
Who was Joseph's father?
Matthew 1:16 "And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born
Luke 3:23 "And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being
(as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli."
Both. But Heli was more literally Joseph's father
in law. (The talmudic writers - unbelieving Jews - clarify that Heli was
Mary's father). But if Mary had no brothers then according to Jewish law
Joseph would be reckoned his son.