It could be argued that Catholic priests at various times throughout history are really not much different than the priests and Pharisees of Jesus' time who sought to put him to death. But of course much like the Pharisees, lacking humility, the Catholic elite are not open to criticism. Consider for example how Jesus speaks of them in Matthew 23 which among other things says, "And do not call anyone on earth Ďfather,í for you have one Father, and he is in heaven." Jesus spoke against the usage of elitist titles. Yet Catholic priests not only take on the title father, but even capitalize it to "Father so-and-so". So also they dress in religious garbs so as to once again distinguish themselves from ordinary Catholics. Ordinary Catholics generally don't know much about Catholicism because they're not supposed to. How many Catholics have actually read the Vatican II documents? Before Vatican II even the Mass itself was in Latin, and ordinary Catholics generally don't read the Bible, let alone study it. That's the priest's job. They are not allowed to interpret the Bible. The Church is supposed to do that for them. And so why should they read the Bible if they are not allowed to interpret it? The teachings of the Catholic church are quite vague from my standpoint. I remember having been a Catholic for many years, faithfully going to mass, if someone asked me what exactly a person had to do to go to heaven I couldn't tell him. It had been my experience that the church didn't even tend to speak on such essential subjects.
A friend of mine converted from Catholicism and his mother who remains a Catholic told her priest about it. The priest told her that because her son left the Catholic church, she was going to hell. I guess he got that idea from a misinterpretation of 1Tim 2:15"But women will be saved through childbearingó if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety." And so since my friend didn't continue in the Catholic faith, his mother was reckoned as lost. I don't know if that's the official Catholic position. In fact I doubt that priest even knows as Catholic theology is so vague.
More recently I've been in discussion with a Catholic speaking on behalf of the Catholic religious elite, and the overinflated view such people have of their kind and contempt for non-Catholic Christians is quite evident. Overlooking his derogatory comments, I've updated this page responding to some of his opinions. The word "Church" he primarily uses to denote not the whole of the Christian community, nor even the whole of the Catholic community, but rather exclusively of the religious elite in the Catholic church.
In contrasting Biblical faith with the Catholic faith he advocated I would generally say that Biblical faith is being convinced that what the Bible says is true, not because the Bible says it, but because what the Bible says is convincing. In contrast to this Catholic faith is believing what the Catholic church teaches just because the Catholic church teaches it.
But more significantly the Catholic hierarchy believe that it is
their exclusive authority to determine what constitutes the Word
of God. In attempting to downlplay the role of the Bible in the
developing saving faith so he can exalt man-made Catholic dogma in
its place he says, "No where does
Scripture say the Christian faith is based solely on a book."
His argument is that people can't just read the Bible and believe
and be saved. They have to have the Catholic church explain to
them what it means or else they will not be able to develop saving
faith. This in contrast to what the Bible says, "faith comes from hearing the message, and
the message is heard through the word of Christ."Rom
10:17 And what is the message? "That
confess with your mouth, "Jesus is Lord," and believe in
your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be
saved." Rom 10:9 While the Catholic
church may object, that is what the Bible says.
Contrary to the Catholic idea that what constitutes "the Faith"
has been evolving through Catholic councils over the ages, the
Bible says, "Dear friends, although I was
very eager to write to you about the salvation we share, I felt
I had to write and urge you to contend for the faith that was once
for all entrusted to the saints." Jude
1:3 Once for all time what constitutes the faith had been
delivered to the saints, of which we can read in the Bible. Catholicism
attempts to change the faith. Jude goes on, "For certain men whose condemnation was written
about long ago have secretly slipped in among you. They are
godless men, who change the grace of our God into a
license for immorality and deny Jesus Christ our only Sovereign
and Lord." Jude 1:4 Catholicism changed the gospel
into something it is not.
Concerning Paul's letters he says, "Paul didn't even think they were Scripture." Now let's compare that proposition with what Paul actually said:
Ac 13:46 Then Paul and Barnabas grew bold and said, "It was necessary that the word of God should be spoken to you first; but since you reject it, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, behold, we turn to the Gentiles.Notice that Paul already knew what the Word of God was and the he was preaching it.
1Th 2:13 And we also thank God continually because, when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men, but as it actually is, the word of God, which is at work in you who believe.Paul believed his words were the very words of God.
Col 1:25 I have become its servant by the commission God gave me to present to you the word of God in its fullnessóPeter of course also acknowledges Paul writings as scripture as well.
2Pet 3:16 He (Paul) writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters. His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures, to their own destruction.Now the Catholic elite demand that their interpretation be not scrutinized but be accepted as infallible. But what does the Bible say of such a proposition? Even Paul considered it a noble thing that people subject his writings to scrutiny.
Acts 17:11 Now the Bereans were of more noble character than the Thessalonians, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true.While the Catholic elite make the baseless proposition that only their interpretation of the Bible is legitimate, many of us ordinary Christians find not only their attitude but many of their interpretations to be at odds with what the Bible says. If their interpretation is to be considered the infallible Word of God then why does even their Bible end with Revelation - a first century letter? Interpretations and other propositions such as the assumption of Mary and her sinlessless are not even in the Catholic Bible.
Listen you Catholic elitist types. Listen to the Word of the Lord through Paul:
"Did the word of God originate with you? Or are you the only people it has reached? If anybody thinks he is a prophet or spiritually gifted, let him acknowledge that what I am writing to you is the Lordís command." 1Cor 14:36,37Does all this sound that Paul didn't know that he was speaking the Word of God?
Furthermore the Catholic elite type says to me, "Scripture is not mandatory"
Well it seems that most Catholics get that message loud and clear.
How many of them view the scriptures as mandatory to their
Decree of the Council of Toulouse, 1229 CE:
ďWe prohibit also that the laity should be permitted to have the
books of the Old or New Testament; but we most strictly forbid
their having any translation of these books.Ē
Ruling of the Council of Tarragona, 1234 CE: ďNo one may possess the books of the Old and New Testaments in the Romance language, and if anyone possesses them he must turn them over to the local bishop within eight days after promulgation of this decree, so that they may be burned...Ē
And, most notably:
The Council of Trent (1545-1564 CE) placed the Bible on its list of prohibited books (!!!), and forbade any person to read the Bible without a license from a Roman Catholic bishop or inquisitor. "That if any one shall dare to read or keep in his possession that book, without such a license, he shall not receive absolution till he has given it up to his ordinary."
For example one Catholic doctrine of Mary was that she herself was born without original sin - nor did she even sin in her lifetime. This contrary to many verses like "No one is good but One, that is, God." Mark 10:18; "all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God." Rom 3:22; "There is not a righteous man on earth who does what is right and never sins." Ecc 7:20 They based their doctrine not on the Bible but the reasoning that Jesus could not have been born sinless if his mother was a sinner. But in fact the Bible indicates that God has no problem inhabiting sinful vessels. For He lives in us, sinners justified by faith. Our bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit - 1Cor 6:19 But let's follow this Catholic line of thinking. Now if Mary was sinless, then her mother "logically" must also have been sinless, if we make the Catholic assumption that a sinner cannot bear a sinful person. But wait a minute - that means that Mary's grandmother, greatgrandmother and all the way back to Eve must have been sinless. And what about the fathers? Now granted that Jesus' father was God, but not so with Mary's father, grandfather, and so forth. So using catholic logic since the embryo is compose of sperm and egg, for it to be sinless both parents must be sinless - again all the way back to Adam. So the catholic line of thought would lead us to believe that sin in the line of Adam and Eve was never a problem to begin with as sin never entered the world.
Mary's Perpetual Virginity?
Most Catholics are ignorant of the fact that the Bible seems to indicate that Mary lost her virginity to Joseph after Jesus was born. Matthew 1:24,25"When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary home as his wife. But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a son." Joseph was commanded to take Mary as his wife. But Mary would not have been his wife if they had not consummated the marriage. For though it is true that the Jews had a betrothal period prior to consummation in which they were called husband and wife, it was presumed the two would become one flesh - that is, they would engage in sex. Notice that prior to Jesus being born Luke speaks of Joseph as being pledged to be married, "He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child." Luke 2:5 For they had yet to consummate the marriage. Notice how Jesus defines marriage in Mt 19:5 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh'? But if they never had become one flesh - that is they never had sex - they were never legitimately married. Indeed why need Joseph even marry her at all? The prophecy the angel alludes to of a virgin giving birth could just as well fulfilled if she were unmarried altogether. But the command to get married incorporates in it a command to have sex. Therefore the ďuntilĒ is to be interpreted in its normal sense, indicating at what point they started having sex. When do Catholics teach that Mary and Joseph become one flesh? They teach that they never became one flesh. And thus they were never actually married in a Biblical sense as Jesus taught.
In contrast to this here's what a Catholic theologian wrote to me:
It was because in Jewish culture this would have meant that Joseph acknowledged biological fatherhood over Jesus. Because he refused to do this he was saying in essence that he did not accept Jesus as his biological son though he would accept him as his legal son. By refusing to consummate his marriage with Mary he was in conformity with the Jewish Law. By not having intercourse with Mary before the birth of Jesus he is acknowledging in principle that he was also forbidden to have intercourse with her thereafter. A woman found to be with child that is not her husbandís is forbidden forever more to him and to the man who impregnated her. (In fact, a woman caught in adultery is likewise penalized.) Under Jewish law, because Mary was found to be with child before she had consummated her marriage to Joseph she was forever forbidden to him. He could keep her as his wife but he was not allowed intimate relations with her. Had Mary born any children after Jesus she would have been stoned to death under the Law. Had Joseph claimed those children to be biologically his, he would have been stoned to death also.Thatís completely bogus! What Jewish Law was he in conformity with? There is no such law. At the least the Law indicates divorce in such circumstances (which is what Joseph had considered before the angel showed up), and at most the penalty was death. But under Jewish law the penalty CERTAINLY WAS NOT being forced to be married to the woman without ever being able to have sex. Itís a complete Catholic fabrication. And what is this foolishness about being stoned to death if she had other children!!! And not only that but Joseph being stone to death as well!! The Law of Moses says nothing of the kind.
And so also it was spoken of Jesus, "Isnít this the carpenterís son? Isnít his motherís name Mary, and arenít his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas? ? And His sisters, are they not all with us?" Matt 13:55,56
And so also the Catholic Church never teaches how at one time Mary thought Jesus was crazy. "Then Jesus entered a house, and again a crowd gathered, so that he and his disciples were not even able to eat. When his family heard about this, they went to take charge of him, for they said, 'He is out of his mind.'" Mark 3:20,21 Then if we continue on to verse 31 when they actually arrived it says: Then Jesusí mother and brothers arrived. Standing outside, they sent someone in to call him. A crowd was sitting around him, and they told him, "Your mother and brothers are outside looking for you." "Who are my mother and my brothers?" he asked. Then he looked at those seated in a circle around him and said, "Here are my mother and my brothers! Whoever does Godís will is my brother and sister and mother." Mark 3:31-35 Now we understand the sense of what Jesus meant. For at this point his mother and brothers were not doing the will of God in attempting to take him away from his ministry. And we see further evidence in John 7 that his brothers held him in contempt. This was kind of a rebuke, an insult to Mary who came to interfere with his mission. Who did Jesus say was his "mother" here? He looked away from Mary and look at those seated around him and viewed them as his mother instead. We can at least deduce from this that Jesus didn't make a big deal about his mother Mary. And certainly didn't make her into a goddess as the Catholic Church has done. And when it comes to incidents like this where she is not doing God's will she is less than no big deal. In view of her behavior here Christ wouldn't even acknowledge her as his mother until she repents.
Secondly when Jesus said, "Whoever does Godís will is my brother and sister and mother" this brings up the idea of members of a common household - an immediate family. This issue was intimacy with Jesus. I don't read this as saying "Whoever does Godís will is my second cousin twice removed on my father's side". I read this as one's immediate family, the members of whom grow up in a common household.
Blessed Among Women
One justification Catholics may give for their idolatrous veneration of Mary is the fact that she was "blessed" in bearing the Messiah.
Luke 1:41 "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!"But Jesus said that lots of people are blessed, yet Catholics don't likewise worship them.
Luke 1:48 "From now on all generations will call me blessed."
Luke 6:20 Blessed are you poorBut in contrast notice Jesus response to this idea of Mary's blessedness.
Luke 6:21 Blessed are you who hunger now,
Luke 6:21 Blessed are you who weep now
Luke 6:22 Blessed are you when men hate you
1Peter 1:14 If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are you.
While Jesus was saying these things, one of the women in the crowd raised her voice and said to Him, "Blessed is the womb that bore You and the breasts at which You nursed." But He said, "On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the word of God and observe it." Luke 11:27,28Thus in contrast to hearing and doing the Word of God, Jesus thought little of the blessedness of his mother bearing him - and so also his followers. For the New Testament authors speak very little of Mary.
Praying to Mary and consulting the dead
As I will mention further on, the occultic practice of the Catholic church to pray to dead people is contrary to the Bible. Praying to Mary - a dead woman - through their Rosary prayer is the primary example of this occultic practice. But also is the practice of consulting the dead. Deut 18:11 "Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead." Yet Catholic mediums claim to have had visions of Mary who spoke to them and instructed them to do such things as pray the Rosary and to build her a temple and also in accordance with their practice of necromancy they claim this dead woman foretells the future that the God will consecrate Russia to her. She is as the Catholic's goddess. And if they need guidance to find something they lost they will pray to Saint Anthony - the saint of lost things. Indeed the list of Catholic saints reads like a list of Chinese kitchen gods. Indeed the saints would have to be omnipresent gods if they were to hear all the catholics praying to them.
Catholics try to justify speaking to the dead saying that they are not dead, whereas they are actually physically dead. But since they are alive in spirit in the afterlife, therefore Catholics feel justified in praying to them. But besides violating the principle of Deut 18:11, there is no instruction or example in the New Testament of praying to dead saints. Some bring up the transfiguration incident. But Jesus is Lord of the dead and the living and thus it doesn't apply to him. Secondly consider the state they are spoken of being in. For dead saints are spoken as being asleep. If they are asleep, they are not listening to you. They don't have contact with what goes on here. Consider Luke 16 concerning how Jesus portrayed the afterlife in the story of the Rich Man and Lazarus. Did Lazarus have contact with the world? Could he hear people praying for him? No. He would have to be raised from the dead.
The Queen of Heaven?
Many Catholics refer to Mary as "the Queen of
Oh yes, the Bible does refer to the "Queen of Heaven". Mary worshippers are like the people Jeremiah spoke of saying, "The children gather wood, the fathers light the fire, and the women knead the dough and make cakes of bread for the Queen of Heaven. They pour out drink offerings to other gods to provoke me to anger." Jeremiah 7:18
Pope Benedict XV, in 1918 - "Mary suffered with Christ and nearly died with Him when He died, thus she may rightly be said to have redeemed the human race with Christ."
Pope Pius XI, in 1923 - "The virgin of sorrows shared the work of redemption with Jesus Christ."
Pope Leo XIII, in 1891 "No one can approach Christ except through His mother."
Bishop of Asti: 'the dogma of the singular privilege granted by the Divine Redeemer to His pure mother, the Co-redemptress of the world.'
Bishop of Gallipoli wrote, 'the human race, whom the Son of God, from her, redeemed; whom, together with Him, she herself co-redeemed.'
Pope John Paul II "Membership in the Militia means complete dedication to the Kingdom of God and to the salvation of souls through Mary Immaculate."
Pope Benedict XV: "One can justly say that with Christ, she herself redeemed mankind."
St. Germanus: "No one is saved but through Mary."
Pope Pius IX: "Our salvation is based upon the holy Virgin..."
Isaiah 44:Let us consider when Satan made the proposal to Jesus, "All this I will give you," he said, "if you will bow down and worship me." To which Jesus responded, "Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ĎWorship the Lord your God, and serve him only.í" Matt 4:9,10 That should be our response to those who would try to get Christians to bow down to idols. As a Catholic I used to have a crucifix hanging on my wall but when I was saved I took it down, smashed into pieces and threw it away. Concerning the worship of "holy relics", in John 3 Jesus made reference to the serpent on the rod which Moses had made in accordance with God's command in Number 21:8,9 as symbolic of his coming death on the cross. Yet rather than bow down and worship it, Hezekiah "broke into pieces the bronze snake Moses had made, for up to that time the Israelites had been burning incense to it." 2Kings 18:4 And it is written of his action "He did what was right in the eyes of the LORD." And let Catholics take heed to the warning in Psalm 115:4-8 "But their idols are silver and gold, made by the hands of men. They have mouths, but cannot speak, eyes, but they cannot see; they have ears, but cannot hear, noses, but they cannot smell; they have hands, but cannot feel, feet, but they cannot walk; nor can they utter a sound with their throats. Those who make them will be like them, and so will all who trust in them." For we take on the characteristics of what we worship.
13 The carpenter measures with a line and makes an outline with a marker; he roughs it out with chisels and marks it with compasses. He shapes it in the form of man, of man in all his glory, that it may dwell in a shrine.
14 He cut down cedars, or perhaps took a cypress or oak. He let it grow among the trees of the forest, or planted a pine, and the rain made it grow.
15 It is manís fuel for burning; some of it he takes and warms himself, he kindles a fire and bakes bread. But he also fashions a god and worships it; he makes an idol and bows down to it.
16 Half of the wood he burns in the fire; over it he prepares his meal, he roasts his meat and eats his fill. He also warms himself and says, "Ah! I am warm; I see the fire."
17 From the rest he makes a god, his idol; he bows down to it and worships. He prays to it and says, "Save me; you are my god."
18 They know nothing, they understand nothing; their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds closed so they cannot understand.
19 No one stops to think, no one has the knowledge or understanding to say, "Half of it I used for fuel; I even baked bread over its coals, I roasted meat and I ate. Shall I make a detestable thing from what is left? Shall I bow down to a block of wood?"
20 He feeds on ashes, a deluded heart misleads him; he cannot save himself, or say, "Is not this thing in my right hand a lie?"
And as for praying to dead people for help and guidance, it is written "Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead." Deut 18:10,11 It is an occultic practice to replace God as the one whom we should be praying to with a dead woman or other dead saints. "For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus."1Timothy 2:5 Nor are there any examples in the Bible advocating praying to dead saints.
Concerning the worship of heavenly beings, the apostle John himself was corrected twice on this matter:
Rev 19:9,10 Then the angel said to me, "Write: 'Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!'" And he added, "These are the true words of God." At this I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, "Do not do it! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God!And while Catholics may deny worshipping angels, Peter also gave the same instruction concerning veneration of saints:
Rev 22:8,9 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I had heard and seen them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who had been showing them to me. But he said to me, "Do not do it! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers the prophets and of all who keep the words of this book. Worship God!"
As Peter entered the house, Cornelius met him and fell at his feet in reverence. But Peter made him get up. "Stand up," he said, "I am only a man myself." Acts 10:24,25While all the standard arguments catholics use for "venerating" (as they call it) the saints could be applied to the action of Cornelius here, Peter reveals that such action to be inappropriate. So who are these Catholic priests to instruct Christians otherwise? While the Pope has people bow to him and kiss his ring, Peter would not stand for such a thing. Yet Catholics will kneel to statues of the saints like Peter and Mary. What's up with that? Their idea of honoring the saints is like Chinese ancestor worship. There seems little difference between how Catholics worship God and how they "venerate" the saints.
But ordinary Catholics are not allowed to discern for themselves how the Bible should be applied. They are not allowed to disagree with Church authorities. Blindly they follow these blind guides.
The snobbish religious elistist attitude among the institutionally elite itself is one such effect. A number of others are the obsession of form over function, religious rituals over worshipping in spirit, programs over people, and in this case wasting money on ornate buildings rather than meeting the real needs of people.
While Christians in the New Testament didn't obsess over such things - even meeting primarily in homes, and reckoning what constitutes the "Church" to be the Christian community, we can credit hyper-institutionalize Catholicism for the misconception that the "Church" is the building. Thus for a Catholic to direct resources away from the poor and needy in order to waste on their ornate buildings to house their religious elite types, they do so with the idea they are serving Christ.
The catholic elite type I mentioned says that this is not even an option but rather, "the Lord commands us to build elaborate places of worship." This they allegedly base on 1 Kings 6,7,8 concerning the building of the temple in Jerusalem. And they further justify this saying, "We create our churches with beauty because Christ our King lives in the churches in the blessed Eucharist." Notice as I said he uses word "church" to refer to the building - as opposed to the people. And it seems he thinks Christ lives in their piece of bread which the building houses - but apparently not in the Christians themselves. The Bible says, "God does not dwell in temples made by hands." Acts 17:24 They fail to realize is that while God had them build a temple, that temple in Jersulam was to be the only such building of its kind. This was for the Old Covenant - for the Jews - not Christians. Jesus spoken to the Samaritan woman of John 4 of a transition to take place concerning buildings and monuments and "places of worship" saying, "a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth." It seems the Catholic religious elite are not the kind of worshippers God seeks. Further Paul writes, "Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you." 1Cor 6:19 "And Donít you know that you yourselves are Godís temple and that Godís Spirit lives in you? If anyone destroys Godís temple, God will destroy him; for Godís temple is sacred, and you are that temple." 1Cor 3:16,17 But Catholics appear to be ignorant of this concept. Yet they invoke Matthew 26 about the woman who anointed Jesus for his burial as a justification for wasting money on ornate buildings. For them the building is the Church. Anointing the building with ornate designs is anointing Christ. But for the rest of us who actually read the Bible we see the apostles "wasting" themselves not on building buildings, but rather wasting themselves on the Christian community. Col 1:24 "Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christís afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church."
The papal authority structure is contrary to the model that Jesus presented. What kind of apostles did Jesus chose? He didn't chose those who went by religious titles, dressing in religious garbs and holding religious positions. He chose ordinary working men who were even looked down upon by the religious elite. Furthermore when Paul spoke to the Ephesian elders did he not instruct them saying, "I have not coveted anyoneís silver or gold or clothing. You yourselves know that these hands of mine have supplied my own needs and the needs of my companions. In everything I did, I showed you that by this kind of hard work we must help the weak, remembering the words the Lord Jesus himself said: ĎIt is more blessed to give than to receive.í" Acts 20:33-35 But the religious leaders in the Catholic church don't follow this example. They get paid for their service.
Catholicism holds that as a requirement of salvation you have to confess your sins to a Catholic priest ALONE. By this doctrine it excludes from salvation all non-Catholic Christians.
FOURTEENTH SESSION, CANONS CONCERNING THE MOST HOLY SACRAMENT OF PENANCE: "If anyone denies that sacramental confession was instituted by divine law or is necessary to salvation; or says that the manner of confessing secretly to a priest alone, which the Catholic Church has always observed from the beginning and still observes, is at variance with the institution and command of Christ and is a human contrivance, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons Concerning the Most Holy Sacrament of Penance, Canon 7). Council of Trent
FOURTEENTH SESSION, CANONS CONCERNING THE MOST HOLY SACRAMENT OF PENANCE: "If anyone says that God always pardons the whole penalty together with the guilt and that the satisfaction of penitents is nothing else than the faith by which they perceive that Christ has satisfied for them, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons Concerning the Most Holy Sacrament of Penance, Canon 8). Council of TrentCatholicism teaches penance. The Bible teaches repentance. Repentance is a change of attitude and behavior away from sin. Penance is the absolution a priest grants after confession and for example what the priest tells you to do afterwards complete the absolution of your sin, which they refer to as "imposing satisfaction" - namely knelling at the altar and saying so many "Hail Marys" and so many "Our Fathers" as if they were sort of magical incantations. As it is Jesus teaches against vain repititious prayers. But as for "satisfaction", Christ's atoning work on the cross is God's satisfaction. Not some vain repetition of prayers.
Furthermore the Bible says, "Do not be carried away by all kinds of strange teachings. It is good for our hearts to be strengthened by grace, not by ceremonial foods, which are of no value to those who eat them." Heb 13:9 and yet Catholicism teaches the eating of this piece of bread, which is their "Christ", is essential to one's sanctification.
"The Sacrifice of the Mass is not merely an offering of praise and thanksgiving, or simply a memorial of the sacrifice on the Cross. It is a propitiatory sacrifice which is offered for the living and dead, for the remission of sins and punishment due to sin, as satisfaction for sin and for other necessities."Or if you'd like more official statements by the Catholic church, the following are statements of the Council of Trent which met in the 1500's as a Catholic reaction against the Protestant reformation.
"whereas on Calvary, this sacrificial adoration was bloody, causing Christ's physical death by crucifixion, in the Mass the same Jesus is now sacrificing Himself in an unbloody manner because he is now glorified, immortal, and incapable of suffering or dying in His own physical person."
"in the Mass the same Jesus Christ who offered Himself on Calvary now offers Himself on the altar"
TWENTY-SECOND SESSION, CANONS ON THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS: "If anyone says that in the mass a true and real sacrifice is not offered to God; or that to be offered is nothing else than that Christ is given to us to eat, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons on the Sacrifice of the Mass, Canon 1).For more statements by the Council of Trent see http://www.blessedquietness.com/journal/housechu/trent.htm
TWENTY-SECOND SESSION, CANONS ON THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS: "If anyone says that the sacrifice of the mass is one only of praise and thanksgiving; or that it is a mere commemoration of the sacrifice consummated on the cross but not a propitiatory one; or that it profits him only who receives, and ought not to be offered for the living and the dead, for sins, punishments, satisfactions, and other necessities, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons on the Sacrifice of the Mass, Canon 3).
CHAPTER II: THE SACRIFICE OF THE MASS IS PROPITIATORY BOTH FOR THE LIVING AND THE DEAD
And inasmuch as in this divine sacrifice which is celebrated in the mass is contained and immolated in an unbloody manner the same Christ who once offered Himself in a bloody manner on the altar of the cross, the holy council teaches that this is truly propitiatory and has this effect, that if we, contrite and penitent, with sincere heart and upright faith, with fear and reverence, draw nigh to God, <we obtain mercy and find grace in seasonable aid.> For, appeased by this sacrifice, the Lord grants the grace and gift of penitence and pardons even the gravest crimes and sins. For the victim is one and the same, the same now offering by the ministry of priests who then offered Himself on the cross, the manner alone of offering being different. The fruits of that bloody sacrifice, it is well understood, are received most abundantly through this unbloody one, so far is the latter from derogating in any way from the former. Wherefore, according to the tradition of the Apostles, it is rightly offered not only for the sins, punishments, satisfactions and other necessities of the faithful who are living, but also for those departed in Christ but not yet fully purified.
What Jesus intended by the Last Supper which later became communion, was a commemoration of his death, and not a sacrament. It's written in 1Cor 11:23-26 For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said,"This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me." In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me." For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lordís death until he comes.
The bread of communion, which Catholics refer to as the eucharist, has no inherent magical powers to do anything. Communion was supposed to be a meal eaten in the manner of the Last Supper commemorating Christ's death until he comes. But Catholicism has turned it into an occultic ritual, or a Levitical sacrifice in which the priest crucifies Christ each week and turns him into a piece of bread. And Catholics partake of it to get their share of Christ for that week. And then next week they'll crucify Christ all over again. (And if you attend a Catholic mass, listen carefully to the words of the priest when he's going through this ritual. For while the phrase has changed over time and from church to church, this is the exact phrase I learned growing up in my catholic church as I recall, "Accept this offering made by our hands to the praise and glory of your name" Yet it is written in Heb 6:6 "if they fall away, to be brought back to repentance, because to their loss they are crucifying the Son of God all over again and subjecting him to public disgrace." Yet week after week they crucify the Son of God all over again. Of Levitical priests it is written, "Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins." But of Christ it is written, "But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God." Heb 10:11,12 and "Unlike the other high priests, he (Christ) does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, (or week after week) first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself." Heb 7:27
Under Catholicism "mortal sins" are those for which you will go to hell if you do not confess them to a catholic priest. For example if you fail to take Holy Communion, that is a mortal sin. This in contrast to the Bible which says, "the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking, but of righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit" Rom 14:17 Another mortal sin is "Missing Mass on Sunday or a Holy Day of Obligation without a serious reason". Another, "Intentional failure to fast or abstain on appointed days." And how about this one, "Requiring employees to work on Sunday in non-essential occupations" - that's a mortal sin. Furthermore their Councils also declare:
Canon XVIII. IF any one, under pretence of asceticism, shall fast on Sunday, let him be anathema.Amazing! They declare it's a sin to rest on the Sabbath! So they both condemn those who don't observe their holy days, and condemn those who observe the Sabbath rest. This in contrast to the Bible, "do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day." Col 2:16 and "One man considers one day more sacred than another; another man considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind." Rom 14:5
Canon XXIX. CHRISTIANS must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather honouring the Lordís Day; and, if they can, resting then as Christians. But if any shall be found to be judaizers, let them be anathema from Christ.
"The plan of salvation also includes those who acknowledge the Creator, in the first place amongst whom are the Muslims; these profess to hold the faith of Abraham, and together with us they adore the one, merciful God, mankind's judge on the last day." Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraph 841But Muslims don't hold the faith of Abraham as they reject the Biblical Christ, and replacing him with a false Islamic Jesus. The Catholic embracing of Islam reveals their ignorance, either of Islam or of the Bible (See also Islam and the Bible)
SEVENTH SESSION, CANONS ON BAPTISM: "If anyone says that in the Roman Church, which is the mother and mistress of all churches, there is not the true doctrine concerning the sacrament of baptism, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons on Baptism, Canon 3). Council of Trent
SEVENTH SESSION, CANONS ON BAPTISM: "If anyone says that baptism is optional, that is, not necessary for salvation, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons on Baptism, Canon 5). Council of Trent
SEVENTH SESSION, CANONS ON BAPTISM: "If anyone says that children, because they have not the act of believing, are not after having received baptism to be numbered among the faithful, and that for this reason are to be rebaptized when they have reached the years of discretion; or that it is better that the baptism of such be omitted than that, while not believing by their own act, they should be baptized in the faith of the Church alone, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons on Baptism, Canon 13). Council of Trent
SIXTH SESSION, CANONS CONCERNING JUSTIFICATION: "If anyone says that the justice received is not preserved and also not increased before God through good works, but that those works are merely the fruits and signs of justification obtained, but not the cause of its increase, LET HIM BE ANATHEMA" (Canons Concerning Justification, Canon 24). Council of TrentCatholicism parses between what the refer to as "initial salvation" which they claim is by faith alone versus "final salvation" of which they say the following in their Catechism under the topic "Final Salvation"
http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p3s2.htm#2068Don't be mislead by Catholics claiming Catholicism doesn't advocate salvation-by-works. For in that case they're only talking about what they refer to as "initial salvation". They try to mislead people into thinking they're talking about salvation from hell and going to heaven. Initial Salvation is not actually salvation if the person ends up in hell. Final Salvation is the only one that is relevant.
The Council of Trent teaches that the Ten Commandments are obligatory for Christians and that the justified man is still bound to keep them; the Second Vatican Council confirms: "The bishops, successors of the apostles, receive from the Lord . . . the mission of teaching all peoples, and of preaching the Gospel to every creature, so that all men may attain salvation through faith, Baptism and the observance of the Commandments.
Ecumenism and the Council of Trent