1:2 which he promised before through his prophets in the
1:3 concerning his Son,
who was born of the seed of David according to the
1:4 who was declared to be the Son of God with power,
according to the Spirit of holiness,
by the resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,
1:5 through whom we received grace and apostleship,
for obedience of faith among all the nations, for his name's sake;
1:6 among whom you are also called to belong to Jesus Christ;
1:7 to all who are in Rome,
beloved of God,
called to be saints:
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus
Paul's Desire to Preach the Gospel
1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you,
that your faith is proclaimed throughout the whole world.
1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in
gospel of his Son,
how unceasingly I make mention of you always in my prayers,
1:10 requesting, if by any means now at last
I may be prospered by the will of God to come to you.
1:11 For I long to see you, that I may impart to you
to the end that you may be established;
1:12 that is, that I with you may be encouraged in you,
each of us by the other's faith, both yours and mine.
1:13 Now I don't desire to have you unaware, brothers,
that I often planned to come to you, and was hindered so far,
that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among the rest
of the Gentiles.
1:14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to foreigners, both to the
and to the foolish.
1:15 So, as much as is in me, I am eager to preach the gospel to
also who are in Rome.
1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ,
for it is the power of God for salvation for everyone who
for the Jew first, and also for the Greek.
1:17 For in it is revealed God's righteousness from
As it is written, "But the righteous shall live by faith." (Hab
What are some of Paul's credentials that affirm his definition of
and his right and responsibility to preach it?
What event does Paul point out that confirmed Jesus to be the Son of
According to Paul, what are his motives for preaching the gospel?
Why was Paul not ashamed of the gospel?
Why would anyone be ashamed of the gospel? (xref Mark 8:38)
vs 17 It mentions of a righteousness which comes from God.
Where else do people seek to obtain righteousness from?
for the Gospel
Rom 1:1Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called
to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God
Jesus Christ personally called Paul to the ministry of the gospel.
Jesus said, "This man is my
instrument to carry my name before the Gentiles and their kings
before the people of Israel." Acts
9:15 And Paul says,
this gospel I was appointed a herald and an apostle and a
teacher." 2Tim 1:11 He
was not called by men,
neither by Peter or any other apostle. "Paul, an apostle— sent not from men
nor by man, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised him
the dead."Gal 1:1
did he receive his gospel from the other apostles, but from Jesus
Christ directly. "I did not
receive it from any man, nor was I taught it; rather, I received
revelation from Jesus Christ."Gal
the Old Testament
Rom 1:2-4the gospel he promised beforehand
through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures regarding his Son, who
to his human nature was a descendant of David, and who through the
Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by
resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.
There are many prophecies of the Messiah, such as Isaiah chapter 53, Psalm 22 and Daniel 9:25,26. But the first
was Genesis 3:15
prophecying of one who
would be born of a woman and who would destroy the power of the
Concerning his human nature, Jesus was a descendant of David.
the genealogy of his legal guardian, Joseph, is mentioned in
chapter 1, his physical genealogy from Mary in Luke chapter 3 goes
the way back to Adam. Jesus Christ came in the flesh, having the
human nature that we all share with its flaws. In fact the word
"human nature" here is the Greek word "Sarx", of which out of the
times it's used in Romans the NIV translates "sinful nature" 13
Thus the saying in Hebrews 4:15"We do not have a high priest
is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who
been tempted in every way, just as we are— yet was without sin."
For the temptations we suffer as humans are primarily due to our
human nature, of which Jesus also shared. Though there are those
deny Christ's human nature, "every
Jesus Christ has come in the flesh
(sarx) is not of God."1John
Jesus' resurrection from the dead was his primary credential - the
forensic evidence validating his testimony. This fact is mentioned
every time the gospel is preached in the Bible. "He has given proof of this to all men
by raising him from the dead."Acts
Rom 1:5Through him and for his name’s sake, we
received grace and apostleship to call people from among all the
Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith.
The reception of the gospel involves both faith and obedience. But
important to understand the relationship between the two. The
he refers to here is that which comes from the faith he is about to
preach. Thus faith precedes obedience. This faith does not come from
obedience, but rather obedience from faith. This is an important
in Romans, which teaches us that salvation is by faith, not by
And since faith precedes obedience, a person is saved prior to any
of obedience. Nonetheless, it is inevitable that obedience will
in the steps of the faith that saves, the absence of which would
indicate the absence of saving faith.
When Paul described his ministr to King Agrippa he said, "First to those in Damascus, then
those in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and to the Gentiles also, I
preached that they should repent and turn to God and prove their
repentance by their deeds."
Acts 26:20 Deeds are a proof of, not a cause of one's
Belong to Christ
Rom 1:6,7And you also are among those who
called to belong to Jesus Christ. To all in Rome who are loved by
and called to be saints: Grace and peace to you from God our
from the Lord Jesus Christ.
One aspect of the gospel is that of ownership such that "whether we live or die, we belong
the Lord."Rom 14:18b"So, my brothers, you also died
law through the body of Christ, that you might belong to another,
him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear
God."Rom 7:4 Consequently
he is relinquishing ownership of
One has to be qualified to belong to Jesus Christ. Just as no woman
claim to be someone's wife without marrying him, so also no one can
claim to belong to Christ without pledging allegiance to him,
relinquishing one's reliance on other sources of salvation. This
be a theme in Romans.
Paul does not assume his readers belong to Christ, but that they are
being called to belong to Christ. He does not assume they are
but rather that they are being called to be saints. This is in
to some of his other letters in which he speaks of his readers
achieving such a status, like Ephesians, "To the saints in Ephesus" Eph 1:1 And Peter writes, "But you are a chosen people, a
priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God"1Peter
2:9 "For many are
but few are chosen." Mt
Thus Romans contains fundament elements of the gospel as a message
the unsaved among the Christian community, as well as fundamental
teachings concerning Christian living for those who have just come
belong to Christ.
Rom 1:8First, I thank my God through Jesus
Christ for all of you, because your faith is being reported all
Despite living in an age absent of the kind of global media we have
access to today, these people's faith was being reported all over
world (by which he means the Roman Empire). This first of all
that they made their faith public. Their beliefs were not a private
matter, as some treat their own religious beliefs today. Likewise of
the Thessalonians Paul notes, "You
the Lord; in spite of severe suffering,
you welcomed the message with the joy given by the Holy Spirit.
you became a model to all the believers in Macedonia and Achaia.
Lord’s message rang out from you not only in Macedonia and Achaia—
faith in God has become known everywhere. "1Thess 1:6-8
Today there are those who keep their faith a private matter in fear
severe suffering much like some in Jesus' day like, "at the same time many even among
leaders believed in him. But because of the Pharisees they would
confess their faith for fear they would be put out of the
synagogue"John 12:42 Many Christians
today face persecution and death by anti-Christian religions, Islam
being the primary example, and by anti-Christian ideologies, such as
China. That's just part of the Christian life. Such opposition was
case back then and yet they made their faith public, and in fact
and his apostles taught that Christians should expect persecution.
says to Timothy, "You,
know all about my teaching, my way of life, my purpose, faith,
patience, love, endurance, persecutions, sufferings— what kinds of
things happened to me in Antioch, Iconium and Lystra, the
I endured. Yet the Lord rescued me from all of them. In fact,
who wants to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted,
while evil men and impostors will go from bad to worse, deceiving
being deceived." 2Tim
How might you make your faith known? Jesus said, "I tell you the truth, unless a
of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single
But if it dies, it produces many seeds. The man who loves his life
lose it, while the man who hates his life in this world will keep
for eternal life. Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I
servant also will be. My Father will honor the one who serves me."John 12:24-26
Rom 1:9-12God, whom I serve with my whole
in preaching the gospel
of his Son, is my witness how constantly I remember you in
prayers at all times; and I pray that now at last by
God’s will the way may be opened for me to come to you. I long to
you so that I may impart to you some spiritual
gift to make you strong— that is, that you and I may be mutually
encouraged by each
Paul prayed constantly for Christians, both for communities and
individuals, as in the case of Timothy. "I thank God, whom I serve, as my
forefathers did, with a clear conscience, as night and day I
remember you in my prayers." 2Tim
1:3 But in contrast to the kinds of prayers and
requests you commonly hear today in the Christian community
by health and material concerns, Paul's prayers were dominated by
spiritual things. (See the study guide of prayers in the New
Encouragement is a gift which is spiritual. For if you give someone
encouragement you're not giving them a material thing but a
thing. It's this kind of thing which was on Paul's mind,
sin and encouraging faith. And it's this kind of thing which should
on our mind when it comes to our practice of generosity. Consider
you may encourage others in the faith - encourage others to apply
faith. "encourage one another
daily, as long as it is called Today, so that none of you may be
hardened by sin’s deceitfulness."Heb 3:13
Rom 1:13-15I do not want you to be unaware,
brothers, that I planned many times to come to you (but have been
prevented from doing so until now) in order that I might have a
among you, just as I have had among the other Gentiles. I am
both to Greeks and non-Greeks, both to the wise and the foolish.
is why I am so eager to preach the gospel also to you who are at
Rome was a diverse culture, though primarily composed of slaves.
were Greeks and non-Greeks. There were those reckoned wise and
simple. Much as some view the letter of Romans as difficult to
understand, high theology, fact is Paul wrote it to a diverse group
people. People who are not wise should nonetheless be able to
understand it as Paul made it inclusive to them.
Paul was optimistic that his coming to them, indeed this letter
will bear fruit. And this kind of optimism is something we should
share in as we seek to do the Lord's work - and in particular with
regards to the spread of the gospel. For it is promised, "As the rain and the snow come
from heaven, and do not return to it without watering the earth
making it bud and flourish, so that it yields seed for the sower
bread for the eater, so is my word that goes out from my mouth: It
not return to me empty, but will accomplish what I desire and
the purpose for which I sent it."Is 55:10,11 We see this optimism
Paul also in Php 1:22, "If I am to go on living in the
this will mean fruitful labor for me."
Unlike financial investments, which may grow or shrink, there is no
down side to investing in the kingdom of God. In this we can all be
encouraged to apply our faith.
Rom 1:16,17I am not ashamed of the gospel,
it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes:
first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. For in the gospel a
righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by
from first to last, just as it is written: "The righteous will
Jesus said, "If anyone is
of me and my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the
Man will be ashamed of him when he comes in his Father’s glory
holy angels."Mr 8:38
Paul writes, "So do not be
ashamed to testify about our Lord, or ashamed of me his prisoner.
join with me in suffering for the gospel, by the power of God." 2Tim 1:8 And "do your best to present yourself to
God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and
correctly handles the word of truth."2Tim 2:15
For there are those who are reluctant to communicate the gospel for
fear of shame. And there are those who tinker with the gospel,
fabricating their own gospel, being ashamed of the content of the
gospel. And in this age there are those who simply replace the
with their own personal testimony. But it is in the gospel that
righteousness is revealed. The gospel is about God's way of man
reconciled to him in view of his unrighteous status.
God's way is not man's way. The average person, when asked how they
expect to get to heaven, if indeed they believe that much, would
up their own way. But God has spoken in the Bible and has revealed
way of man becoming righteous. People often make it a matter of
personal performance, but Paul later writes, "no one will be declared righteous in
his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become
conscious of sin. But now a righteousness from God, apart from
been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. This
righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all
believe." Rom 3:20-22
Faith is central as the sole requirement for salvation. Consequently
rituals like infant baptism, or works that you perform, like obeying
the 10 commandments, do not save. "The righteous
will live by faith" is quoted from Hab 2:4, and is also quoted in Galatians 3:11, "Clearly no one is justified before
by the law, because, 'The righteous will live by faith.'" And
Heb 10:38"my righteous one will live by
And if he shrinks back, I will not be pleased with him."
sense in which he's interpreting Hab 2:4 here is that the righeous
have eternal life by believing the gospel.
"from first to last" is
literally "from faith to
faith to preach the gospel, and it takes faith to believe
it. So the faith is passed on from generation to generation through
believers. Though some have a misconception about how the church
propagates historically, it is not by force, genetics, traditions,
rituals, but rather it is by people of faith preaching the gospel
the next spiritual generation hearing and believing the gospel by
faith. Such has been the case from the first to the last.